The study by Schabrun et al. published in Brain Stimulation 2014 is one of the most interesting papers I have read last year. This might be due to the fact that I am not at all an expert in neuromodulation, but even so the study is highly innovative and has amazing findings. The paper reports a placebo-controlled cross-over study investigating the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) combined with peripheral electrical stimulation (PES) treatment on pain, cortical organization, sensitization and sensory function in 16 patients with chronic low back pain. It was found that a combined tDCS/PES intervention is more effective for improving not only chronic low back pain symptoms, but also for improving the mechanisms of cortical organization and central sensitization than either intervention applied alone or a sham control.